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Pliska

Pliska

Pliska is located about 29 km from Shumen. The city was the capital of the First Bulgarian State in the period from 681 to 893, after which the capital was moved to Veliki Preslav. At that time Pliska begins to lose its importance and gradually becomes an ordinary city and never regains its previous administrative and nationally significant functions.

Monument of St. Tzar Boris I
Monument of St. Tzar Boris I
On the central square in the city is located an 11-meter monument in memory of St. Tzar Boris I. The monument was built in 2007 on the occasion of the 1100th anniversary of the death of the ruler, who imposed Christianity and introduced Slavic script in Bulgaria.

Part of the wall of the fortress to the main entrance of Pliska Reserve
Part of the wall of the fortress to the main entrance of Pliska Reserve
The remains of the first Bulgarian capital are located about 3 kilometers from the center of Pliska. The National Historic and Archaeological Reserve was declared an archeological monument of culture of national importance in 1970 and is part of one hundred Bulgarian national tourist sites.

Ruins of the medieval town of Pliska
Ruins of the medieval town of Pliska
The medieval town of Pliska is situated on an area of ​​about 23 thousand decares, making it one of the largest medieval cities in Europe. Today visitors can see the East Gate (the main entrance of the fortress, which is now the main entrance of the reserve), the remains of the Grand Palace / Throne Palace, and the so-called Small Palace, as well as the surrounding walls, parts of the fortified residential palace ( complex of residential and farm buildings, Heathen temple, Palace church, Water tanks and baths, well and other buildings). In the northeastern part of the fort is located a museum, which shows finds related mainly to the everyday life, material and spiritual culture of the city.

The great Basilica
The great Basilica
About 1.5 km from the main entrance of the reserve is located the religious-palace complex Grand Basilica, which includes an archbishop's palace, a basilica and a monastery. It was completed around 875 and is an important monument of the early-medieval Bulgarian culture of its Christian period, although there are different hypotheses regarding the functions of the complex.

The courtyard of the Cyrillic alphabet
The courtyard of the Cyrillic alphabet
Private cultural and historical complex dedicated to the Cyrillic alphabet. You can see sculptures of Cyril letters, a picture gallery (showing the history of baptism and the creation of the Cyrillic alphabet), an authentic fortress-shaped stone building (the hall on the first floor tells about the creation of the letters, and on the second floor there are waxworks figures of some of the most celebrated Bulgarian rulers), an alley (dedicated to writers using the Cyrillic alphabet) and bas-reliefs of children's writers.

Pliska
Coming into the complex you will find yourself in a large yard with 2 meters height letters of the Cyrillic alphabet. Six of the letters are arranged to spell the PLISKA name and the remaining letters are arranged in no specific sequence. In addition to the letters in the courtyard there is a monument to King Boris I, sculptures of St. St. Cyril and Methodius, 12 meter cross, small chapel and stone with cross (traditional Armenian khachkar).

Photographer: BulgariaView, License: Creative Commons License