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Madara rider

Madara rider

Madara National Historical and Archeological Reserve is located near the village of Madara about 20km northeast of the town of Shoumen. The main attraction of the reserve is the unique rock relief of the Early Middle Ages, called the Madara Horseman, which is the only one in Europe. In 1979, it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Madara rider
The reserve covers an area of ​​several hundred acres. In additiona to the Madara Rocks with relief, you can also visit the rock sanctuary, medieval architectural complex, church, rock tomb, Roman hall, medieval pool, museum, Madara fort, grain warehouse, rock church and small and large cave.

The Madara Horseman
The Madara Horseman
The Madara Horseman is a figure carved into the rock by a rider, dog, lion and inscriptions in Greek. The rock bas-relief is located 23m from the base of the rock and is 3.1 meters wide and 2.6 meters high.

Madara rider
On the left side of the Horseman there is a rocky path leading to the Madara Plateau, which offers a unique panoramic view.

Fortress Matora
Fortress Matora
The Matorа Fortress is located on the top of the Madara Plateau. The shape of the fortress is irregular and conforms to the deatures of the area itself. The walls are build of massive cut blocks. In the middle of the north wall there is a gate, protected by two pentagonal towers, and inside the fortress a small church and main premises are revealed. The fortress played an important role for protecting the former Bulgarian capitals Pliska and Preslav, as well as the passages in the Medieval Bulgaria.

Chapel of St. Panteleimon
Chapel of St. Panteleimon
Some of the many caves, located at different levels, were used for churches, chapels, tombs and monastic cells. In one of the caves, which was used as a church, is located today the restored rock chapel "St. Panteleimon".

The big Cave
The big Cave
At the foot of the Madara Plateau are located two caves open for visitors. In the Little Cave, which is about 20 meters long, numerous tools of labor and weapons of flint, bone and stone, amulets and fragments of clay vessels were found, illustrating the life of prehistoric people inhabiting these places. In the Big Cave have been found votive caves and marble reliefs from the Thracian times.

Photographer: BulgariaView, License: Creative Commons License