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Ancient fortress Byala

Ancient fortress Byala

Category   Fortress

The Late Antiquity fortress on the Cape of St. Athanasius is located near the town of Byala, around 50 km from Varna. The first known information is from 1892. The major reason the fortress had not been excavated earlier is that a military base was located nearby. After the base was closed down few year ago it was possible to approach the area. There were discovered materials of differen historical periods including finds from Ancient Thracian religious (VI-V century BC) and from Ancient Roman (II-III century AD). The fortress was open for visitors in 2014.

Ancient fortress Byala
About thirty stone-built buildings and outbuildings have been explored in the fortress. Among the buildings are a residential building, warehouses, shops, a wine cellar, a public bath, a basilica and more.
Several ceramic kilns have been found at various points in the fortress. One of them was for firing household pottery - pots, cups, jugs and kitchenware. Two other kilns were used for the production of ceramic pipes for water supply and heating systems.

Ancient fortress Byala
In the ancient fortress of Byala were discovered three wineries, antique grape-picking facilities and large vessels for wine storage. This shows that viticulture and wine production was one of the main activities of the population in the area.

Ancient fortress Byala
Baptismal font is still preserved. The walls were richly decorated by wall paintings, where also a head of a saint is partly preserved. It is assumed that Baptistery No1 was built at the end of the 4th century and was used until the middle of the 5th century.

Ancient fortress Byala
The ancient fortress is located in close proximity to the sea and was naturally protected from the almost vertical shores of Cape St. Athanas. From the ancient city there is a beautiful view of the beaches of Byala.

Ancient fortress Byala

Ancient fortress Byala

Photographer: BulgariaView, License: Creative Commons License