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Salt Mines, Provadia

Salt Mines, Provadia

About 6 km southeast of the city of Provadia are located the remains of the oldest prehistoric city and salt marsh in Europe (VI - V century BC). Excavations began in 2005 and continue to this day.

Salt Mines, Provadia
The occurrence of the complex Salt Mines is related to the location of several salt springs, from which by evaporation of the brine water in ceramic vessels salt was recovered. Later, new facilities that were dug into the ground were created. Many of the ancient finds discovered in these places were related to the production process of the salt and the equipment used in the extraction.

Salt Mines, Provadia
On September 22, Bulgaria's Independence Day, the complex is open for free visit. On the Doors Open Days, a guided tour of the complex is offered, where archeologists and team members familiarize visitors with the history of the prehistoric city.

Salt Mines, Provadia
Remains of three stone defense facilities along the periphery of the settlement have been discovered. The best-studied stone wall reaches in places up to 4.50 m in thickness and a preserved height of up to 2.60 m, but it is assumed that it reached 7 m in height. The outside of the wall is exposed almost all along it, while only half of the inside part is currently visible.

Salt Mines, Provadia
One of the walls also had an additional specific protective function. It included radial structures of a specific shape, the foundations of which were about 2m wide, on which stones were piled. This security system allowed the entry of only a limited number of people who became easy targets for the defenders.

Salt Mines, Provadia
The research team is from the National Archaeological Institute and Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the Provadia History Museum.

Salt Mines, Provadia
In the center of the prehistoric settlement is located a settlement mound and a Thracian tomb, where also numerous graves have been explored.

Photographer: BulgariaView, License: Creative Commons License